||Nuclear Energy: A Global View
To provide a comprehensive view of nuclear energy issues. Issues ranging from economics, resources, present and future reactor technologies, nuclear fuel, cycle, radioactive waste management, safety, and security will be addressed.
||Fuel Cell Science and Technology
Fuel cells provide one of the most efficient means for converting the chemical energy stored in a fuel to electrical energy. Fuel cells offer improved energy efficiency and reduced pollution compared to heat engines. While composed of no or very few moving parts, a complete fuel cell system amounts to a small chemical plant for the production of power.
This course will cover from fundamentals to system applications of current fuel cell technologies. Emphasis will be placed on proton exchange membrane (PEM) and solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC). The topics will include materials science, thermodynamics, electrochemistry, and fluid mechanics. This course aims to prepare students who are interested in fuel cell research with fundamentals of fuel cell operating principles, what are the critical issues to be solved and current technology development worldwide.
||Sustainable Building Design
This course focuses on building performance analysis by simulation based on a series of lectures discussing energy efficiency technologies applied in best-practice buildings in Germany. Through the use of building simulation programs, students will examine relevant design parameters and their influence on the efficiency of these design strategies and technologies as well as on the overall energy consumption of a building. The simulations are related to a high-performance office building and will aim at optimising the architectural design concept. Besides energy performance, a special focus will be placed on thermal comfort evaluation including questions of suitable comfort models and their integration on building simulation platforms.
||Materials for Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion
Electrochemical energy storage and conversion devices includes batteries, fuel cells and double-layer (super) capacitors. They all involve specific electrode and power output together with cycle life, safety and environment friendliness. The course will cover fundamental aspects of electrochemistry with relation to energy storage and conversion. Then different types of primary and rechargeable batteries will be introduced with focus on materials involved. Fuel cells and supercapcitors will then be covered through interfacial and surface chemistry. Industrial applications including fast growing electrical mobility, stationary energy storage for smart grid and power storage will be presented. Lastly, the societal and environmental aspects through energy efficiency and battery recycling and refurbishing will be covered.
||Foundations of Quantum Mechanics: From Thought Experiments to Real Experiments
This course aims to provide a survey of Quantum Mechanics (QM). Rather than dealing with the conventional practical quantum calculation approach, the course will revisit the foundations and postulates of QM. It will discuss the EPR paradox, Bell's inequalities, slit experiments with one or two particles. Quantum decoherence and non-locality and its latest experimental developments will be addressed. A survey of experimental development possibilities to realise quantum logics for cryptography or quantum computing will be discussed.
||Carbon & Graphite - High Performance Materials for Key Industries
Carbon and Graphite Materials are widely used in industries in wide range of applications such as filler, absorbent, insulation, electrode, fiber and composite materials.
This course will cover from fundamentals of natural raw graphite compound to processing, production and application of artificial carbon and graphite materials. The application of these materials cover a range of industries such as Iron and Steel production, Metallurgy, Semiconductor, Chemical Industries, etc. These are also used as electrode materials for energy storage such as Li-ion Redox flow batteries, etc. The course also covers production and application of carbon fiber and composites, carbon black, activated carbon, glassy carbon, carbon foam and carbon nanotubes. This course aims to prepare students who are interested in improving properties in carbon and graphite materials and application of these materials in their research work.
The course will cover the following topics; properties of sunlight, the photoelectrochemical cell and the semiconductor/electrolyte interface the Fujishima/Honda cell. photocatalysis and water splitting, solar cell efficiencies and limitations, dye sensitisation and nanostructured electrodes, basic operational principles of mesoscopic dye-sensitised solar cells (DSC), solar cell characterisation, device characterisation and the DSC tool-box, variations of the DSC concept, materials and preparations of mesoscopic solar cells, quantum dot sensitised and perovskite solar cells, 3rd generation solar cell concepts and future outlook.
|Integrated Energy Retrofit Approaches of Existing Buildings in Urban Centers and Large Communities
||The main goal of the course is to show that energy efficiency and thermal comfort for existing buildings including residential and commercial spaces can be improved through simple, proven and cost-effective retrofit measures. First, the students will learn various approaches to perform analyses to assess energy efficiency of buildings. Then, various energy efficiency measures will be outlined including their applications and their cost-effectiveness. Moreover, students will learn how to quickly assess the energy efficiency of existing buildings and how to screen a large existing building stock to assess their suitability for energy efficiency retrofits. Moreover, students will learn about monitoring and verification procedures to measure the actual impact of energy efficiency retrofit programs on the energy performance of existing buildings. Students will also learn about simple analysis methods and testing procedures suitable for existing buildings.|
||Photophysics of Photovoltaic Devices
||This course introduces the quantum mechanical foundation of photophysical processes behind photovoltaics, discussing radiation matter interaction and excited state dynamics in organic and inorfanic semiconductors. The approach is phenomenological and provides a number of tools for the quantitative description of materials properties that are relevant to photovoltaic and photonic devices. This course is intended for students with a variety of prior educational backgrounds.|
Prerequisites of 3rd year level physics, chemistry and math is compulsory. Problems will be given. Seminal articles will also be provided for self-studing and discussion.
||Fundamentals of Environmental Life Sciences Engineering
The three-week course (18 June - 6 July 2018) aims to give a comprehensive overview on basic biofilm concepts and the uses and application of biofilm technologies. Specific objectives of the course are to:
1. Familiarise the students with the concepts of biofilms and community lifestyle of microbes
2. Familiarise the students with the approaches used to study biofilms
3. Provide overview of experimental designs, data collection and analysis of data from microbial community-based experiments that combine life sciences and engineering principles
4. Help improve the quantitative skills of students in adopting above approaches
5. Enable students to improve their communication skills in this field
6. Develop a network among students and scientists from Singapore and abroad to promote long term and self-learning in the field of Environmental Life Sciences Engineering.
Applications will open in January 2018. Please contact Loh Ying Ting (firstname.lastname@example.org) for further details
||To study biofilms in a variety of natural and engineered systems. The emphasis will be on understanding unique characteristics and on critically evaluating old and new biofilm literature. We will formulate and test working hypotheses, for example, regarding development of biofilms, spatial structure ("architecture"), existence of steady states, and the determining factors for biofilm function as well as adhesion and detachment. Specific examples include quantitative characterisation of processes occurring in biofilm reactors for the treatment of water and wastewater.|
|Reseach Communication for Postgraduate Students
||This course on research communication sets out to improve productive (writing and speaking) skills of students with particular reference to writing PhD Theses in English and presenting their research. Two broad subsidiary aims are to increase students' confidence in the use of academic English, and to provide them with an awareness of tools and resources for continued self-study and enhancement of their abilities|